Florida Entomologist Home Page
About the Florida Entomologist

Welcome to Florida Entomologist, the first long-published, referreed, natural science journal on the Internet. Florida Entomologist is also:

  • the first journal to put its contents on the Internet in PDF format,
  • the first life science journal to have all current and back issues on the Web with free access,
  • the first entomological journal to allow authors to archive supplemental digital material with their articles,
  • the first journal to be freely accessible on BioOne

Florida Entomologist is the official journal of the Florida Entomological Society. Volumes 1-3 were published under the name The Florida Buggist. The Florida Entomological Society still produces the traditionally printed version of Florida Entomologist, but you can also view, search, or print any article published since June 1917 by accessing online files. Web access is made possible by the Society’s electronic publication project begun in 1993.

We encourage you to also view the online files of the Boletín de Entomología Venezolana and Entomotropica,produced by the Sociedad Venezolana de Entomologia.

FES members who subscribe to the mailing list, FLORIDAENT-L, will receive the table of contents of each issue as it is published. They will also automatically receive the Society’s Newsletter when it is posted each quarter. See Mailing Lists for details.

Finding Articles
June 1994 to date:
  Go to the List of Online Issues where you can
 
  • View Table of Contents for each issue, and select articles to display
June 1917 to date:
  Go to Florida Entomologist in Textual Collections where you can :
 
  • Search for articles by Author, Title, Full Citation or Table of Contents
  • Search the full text of all articles for words, phrases or combinationsthereof
  • List all issues by date, view Table of Contents for each issue, and select articles to display
FES's electronic publication project
Online publication was undertaken by the Florida Entomological Society to further this vision of the future of primary scientific publication:
"Any scientist who is linked to the developing worldwide electronic information network (presently termed the Internet) will be able to view and to print any article in any journal published by a scientific society. Printing from the network will yield hardcopy equal to a photocopy or reprint of the article. The information will be free to the person taking the information from the network (as it is when a person takes information from a library)." [endorsed by the Executive Committee of the Florida Entomological Society, 10 May 1993]

Online publication of Florida Entomologist is a joint project of the Florida Entomological Society and the Florida Center for Library Automation. Since 1994, E. O. Painter Printing Company has used the files that produce the printed version to generate the PDF and other files needed for the electronic version. Electronic publication of Florida Entomologist began 28 Nov 1994, when the September 1994 issue (vol. 77, no. 3) was put online. The June 1994 issue was soon added, and all later issues have been put online shortly after the printed issues were mailed.

All Florida Entomologist articles are posted on the Internet as Portable Document Format (PDF) files, which are accessed with the free Acrobat reader The PDF files can be:

  • viewed at any magnification from 12 to 1600%,
  • searched for any word or character string,
  • copied, in full or in part, to the computer's clipboard and pasted into another application,
  • printed, in full or in part, to produce the equivalent of a reprint or photocopy.

In 1996, the Florida Entomological Society began to investigate ways to put early issues online. Because pages in issues published prior to June 1994 were composed by cut-and-paste rather than electronically, they must be scanned before being converted to PDF files. In 1997, a pilot project to establish the feasibility and cost was completed and two back issues were put online. Early in 1998, the Society raised the funds required to scan and index all back issues. On 27 April 1999, FES's back-issue project was completed when the Florida Center for Library Automation made PDF files of all articles freely accessible and searchable on the Web.

From 1994 through 2000, all articles in the Florida Entomologist were made freely accessible on the Internet with no increase in author fees. In 2001, because of declining revenues from library subscriptions, an obligatory IFWA (Immediate Free Web Access) fee was imposed. The fee was set at $100 for regular articles and $50 for shorter ones ("scientific notes"), a level that promises to pay all costs of the electronic version of Florida Entomologist and to compensate for lost library subscriptions until at least 2006.

In 2002, the Florida Entomological Society chose to make Florida Entomologist freely accessible on BioOne, an aggregation of electronic versions of more than 60 bioscience journals, to which more than 440 libraries subscribe. Patrons of subscribing libraries can access the full text of articles in all BioOne journals. Others can usually access only the abstracts. On 28 March 2003, Florida Entomologist became the first journal on BioOne to allow open access to the full text of its articles. To participate in BioOne, a publisher must provide files that meet BioOne's SGML specifications, thereby enabling BioOne to produce first-rate HTML versions of the articles. Producing SGML files to BioOne's standards approximately doubled the per-page cost of producing the electronic version of Florida Entomologist, but IFWA fees covered all costs.

FES has continually sought to make online Florida Entomologist articles easier for potential users to find. For example, prior to the time that search-service robots started to index PDF files of articles, FES posted minimally formatted HTML files of all articles to make it possible for the articles to be located through services such as Google or AltaVista. Each such HTML file directed its finders to click on its link to the corresponding PDF file. Today search services index the PDF files of all Florida Entomologist articles published since June 1994. Prior to that time articles were composed by cut and paste rather than electronically. Consequently the PDF files of these older articles are of scanned images of the printed pages rather than character-based. However, in the back-issue project, the images of scanned pages were optically character read with an accuracy of 99.95% permitting indexing of every word and phrase in the full text of the articles. In September 2004, the Florida Center for Library Automation exploited this possibility and made a union index of the full text of all articles published from 1917 to date. Thus those who go to the Florida Entomologist home page on the FCLA server can now search a complete set of articles by author, or word or phrase in the title or full text, or by Boolean combination of any of these.

Another way in which FES has made Florida Entomologist articles easier to find is by posting them with open access on BioOne, in HTML and PDF formats. Those searching the set of bioscience journals on BioOne can find any article published in Florida Entomologist from March 2002 to date, and they can download the full text even if they do not belong to an institution that subscribes to BioOne. During the first six months of 2004, Florida Entomologist articles were downloaded from BioOne in HTML format 29,054 times and in PDF format 2,444 times.

Since September 1997, authors with articles online in Florida Entomologist may add InfoLinks to their articles. An InfoLink is a link to a file of the authors creation. It is clickable from the online table of contents that lists the author's article, and it empowers the author to publish supplementary material (e.g., color illustrations, complete data sets, audio clips) and, in most implementations, to add to and correct the supplementary material. InfoLinks are currently priced at $45.

For more information about Florida Entomologist on the Web, including its effects on library subscriptions, click here.

E-mail questions or comments to tjw@ufl.edu.
Last updated- 14-Apr-2010.

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